Functions of Endocrine Glands

The human Endocrine System is a vital body communication system, consisting of network Endocrine Glands throughout your body – see the diagram. The Endocrine Glands makes and discharges hormones directly into the bloodstream, that transports them to targeted organs. The basic functions of Endocrine Glands are therefore similar. However, the glands produce distinct hormones that regulate specific activity of many different organs. These hormones dictate almost every single facet of your life.

Visit my blog to read about the differences between the Endocrine and Exocrine Glands. Read more about the functions of Endocrine Glands – click here.

Functions of Endocrine Glands

Endocrine System Diagram showing Endocrine glandsThe Functions of Endocrine Glands are as follows:

  • Adrenal Gland: Adrenal Gland secretes hormones that regulates the body’s burning of proteins and carbohydrates to create energy. In addition, Adrenal Gland help your body to respond to stress.  It regulates immune response and suppress inflammatory reactions.  Further more,  the Adrenal Gland helps to control your blood pressure and regulates your blood sugar. It  therefore plays and important role in the functioning of your Cardiovascular System. The Adrenal Gland location in the human body is on top of each kidney.
  • Hypothalamus Gland: The Hypothalamus Gland secretes hormones to maintain the body’s internal balance (homeostasis). The Hypothalamus Gland location in human body is just below the thalamus of the brain and above the Pituitary gland.
  • Ovary Glands: The Ovary Glands produce and discharge hormones to maintain the health of the Female Reproductive System. The ovaries location in the female human body is on opposite ends of the pelvic wall, with uterus between them.
  • Pancreas Gland: The Pancreas Gland secretes hormones that maintains the body’s blood glucose (sugar) balance. The Pancreas Gland locality in the human body is right side of the abdomen.
  • Parathyroid Gland: The Parathyroid Gland produces and discharges hormones to regulate the calcium levels in the body. The Parathyroid Gland location is in the neck behind the thyroid.
  • Pineal Gland: The Pineal Gland secretes hormones that regulates the daily rhythms of your body (body’s internal clock) and affects your mood. The Pineal Gland produces Melatonin that regulates sleep patterns. In addition, the Pineal Gland participates in the regulating the levels of female hormones (fertility and menstrual cycles). The Pineal Gland, shaped like a pea, is placed in the body at the base of the brain.
  • Pituitary Gland: The Pituitary Gland is the brain of the Endocrine System and secretes hormones that regulates the functioning of other endocrine glands. The whereabouts of Pituitary Gland is at the base of the brain below the Hypothalamus Gland.
  • Testes Glands: The Testes Glands produce and discharge testosterone necessary for physical development, muscle strength, libido and bone density. The Testes Gland location is in the scrotum behind and underneath the penis.
  • Thymus Gland: The Thymus Gland secretes hormones to development your Immune System by stimulating the development cells that fight diseases. The Thymus Gland locality is in the upper front the chest directly behind the sternum.
  • Thyroid Gland: The Thyroid Gland produces and discharges hormones that regulate your metabolism. The whereabouts of Thyroid Gland is low on the front of the neck shaped like butterfly.

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